Since the fall of the Siad Barre regime in 1991, the country has been struggling with civil war without having an effective central government that controls the entirety of the country. This has made it difficult for the Government of Japan to provide bilateral assistance to Somalia. However, Japan considers the stability of Somalia is absolutely critical for ensuring human security as well as for the fundamental resolution of terrorism and piracy, which threaten the security of international community. From this point of view, Japan has been implementing in Somalia through international organizations such as United Nations, necessary assistance for responses to the humanitarian crisis and for stability over the medium to long term. Taking the strengthening of public security, humanitarian assistance, and infrastructure development as its main pillars, Japan has implemented assistance amounting to approximately US$ 184 million since 2007.